Post-Doctoral Certificate in psychoanalysis from the Institute for Psychoanalysis and Psychotherapy (currently: The Center for Psychoanalysis and Psychotherapy of New Jersey), 1992.

Doctorate in Clinical Psychology, The Graduate School of Applied and Professional Psychology, Rutgers University, 1982. Summa Cum Laude

Internship in Behavioral Medicine, University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey, 1981-1982.

Rutgers Graduate School of Social Work, 1977-1978.

B.A. Psychology, University College, Rutgers University, 1997. Phi Beta Kappa